How can your eyes be affected by a solar eclipse?
Exposing your eyes to the sun without proper eye protection during a solar eclipse can cause “eclipse blindness” or retinal burns, also known as solar retinopathy. This exposure to the light can cause damage or even destroy cells in the retina (the back of the eye) that transmit what you see to the brain. This damage can be temporary or permanent and occurs with no pain. It can take a few hours to a few days after viewing the solar eclipse to realize the damage that has occurred.
What are the eye symptoms that can occur from looking at a solar eclipse without proper eye protection?
How to safely watch a solar eclipse:
The only time that you can safely view a solar eclipse without special equipment is during a total solar eclipse. This is when the moon completely covers the sun. It is never safe to look at a partial solar eclipse without proper safety equipment or techniques. During the very brief time the sun is in total solar eclipse it is safe to look at it, but do so with caution. Even during the total solar eclipse, the total eclipse may last only a short period of time, and if you are looking towards the sun as the moon moves away from blocking the sun, you might get a solar burn on your retina which can cause permanent damage to your eyes. Talk with your eye care professional to determine the best viewing option for you. Below are a few common ways to safely watch a solar eclipse:
This is the safest and most inexpensive way to watch a solar eclipse. This helps you avoid looking directly at the eclipse by using a projected image. This do-it-yourself project includes making a pinhole in a cardboard paper with the sun on one side and a piece of paper three feet away without obstruction to project the image on the other side. Keep in mind not to look through the pinhole at the sun.
Number 14 welder’s glass provides effective protection and can be found at a local welder’s supply store. This glass will reduce the harmful rays that are emitted during the eclipse. Do not use if there are any scratches or damage to the glass.
Aluminized mylar plastic sheets are available as eclipse vision glasses or can be cut and made into a viewing box. Do not use if there are any scratches or damage to the sheet.
Other ways to safely watch a solar eclipse is on television or at the planetarium.
How not to watch a solar eclipse. Be careful about how you watch a solar eclipse. It is not recommended to view it in the following ways:
Watching a solar eclipse on your smartphone camera can put you at risk of accidentally looking at the sun when trying to line up your camera. It could possibly also damage your smartphone camera. Don’t take the risk.
Never look at a solar eclipse through the optical viewfinder of a camera. It can damage your eyes in the same way as looking directly at it.
Unless specifically designed for viewing a solar eclipse, no filter is safe to use with any optical device (telescopes, binoculars, etc). All color film, black-and-white film that contains no silver, photographic negatives with images on them (x-rays and snapshots), smoked glass, sunglasses (single or multiple pairs), photographic neutral density filters and polarizing filters are unsafe filters to watch a solar eclipse. Also, solar filters designed for eyepieces that come with inexpensive telescopes are also unsafe. All of these items can increase your risk of damaging your eyes.
To read more about Prevent Blindness.org visit here:
Our nation is in the midst of an unprecedented opioid epidemic. More people died from drug overdoses in 2014 than in any year on record, and the majority of drug overdose deaths (more than six out of ten) involved an opioid.
Since 1999, the rate of overdose deaths involving opioids—including prescription opioid pain relievers and heroin—nearly quadrupled, and over 165,000 people have died from prescription opioid overdoses.
Prescription pain medication deaths remain far too high, and in 2014, the most recent year on record, there was a sharp increase in heroin-involved deaths and an increase in deaths involving synthetic opioids such as fentanyl.
Economic Impact of the Opioid Epidemic:
- 55 billion in health and social costs related to prescription opioid abuse each year
- 20 billion in emergency department and inpatient care for opioid poisonings
On an average day in the U.S.:
- More than 650,000 opioid prescriptions dispensed
- 3,900 people initiate nonmedical use of prescription opioids
- 580 people initiate heroin use
- 78 people die from an opioid-related overdose
Louisiana Department of Health gets $8.1 million federal grant to address opioid crisis.
The State now has more funding to fight the opioid epidemic. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) has awarded the Louisiana Department of Health a grant to target and reduce opioid abuse across the state. The State Targeted Response to the Opioid Crisis Grant is funded at $8,167,971 a year for two years.
Dr. Rebekah Gee, secretary of the Louisiana Department of Health said the state is in the midst of an opioid crisis and the grant will help address the problem.
“Louisiana averages 122 opioid prescriptions per 100 people. This is a significant concern because 80 percent of heroin users reported starting out misusing prescription opioid medications,” said Gee. “Additionally, by mid-year 2016, in both East Baton Rouge and Orleans parishes, narcotic overdose deaths surpassed homicide deaths.”
The Louisiana Department of Health, Office of Behavioral Health will administer the grant which will be used to enhance existing statewide prevention, treatment and recovery services that are available to individuals who are addicted to opioids or who are at risk for opioid addiction or opioid abuse or misuse.
Initiatives funded by the grant include:
Implement opioid prevention strategies that includes a mass media educational campaign targeted to those who are at risk for an opioid disorder, and health care provider training.
Develop an intervention strategy that focuses on Naloxone education and distribution of this medication to target populations.
At the local level, build treatment capacity within the existing networks of behavioral health providers. The goal is to provide access to evidence-based treatments, particularly Medication Assisted Treatment, and education and training on non-opioid alternatives. Funding will be directed to the state’s 10 local opioid treatment programs.
Increase treatment and prevention capacity for people with opioid addictions or disorders through funding that will be directed to the state’s 10 local human service districts/authorities.
Partner with the Department of Corrections to provide opioid treatment services for offenders who participate in re-entry-programs at two designated prison facilities. These programs will identify at-risk offenders nine months prior to release, and will provide individualized treatment and robust discharge planning to ensure they continue treatment after leaving prison.
“More than 75 percent of offenders have a substance use disorder, and they are at high risk of engaging in substance use unless provided treatment prior to release,” said James M. Le Blanc, Department of Public Safety and Corrections secretary. “We are optimistic these programs will result in a decrease in substance use-related crimes, and will see fewer offenders return to prison, thus saving taxpayers money, and reducing the number of crime victims.”
“This grant allows us to continue our focus on statewide planning and implementation for opioid education, prevention, treatment and recovery support services. We’re looking forward to working with our partners across the state to reduce the number of opioid prescriptions, and to reduce opioid abuse,” said Dr. Janice Petersen, Louisiana Department of Health’s principal investigator for this grant.